The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana ( PMKVY) Scheme will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country so , It will provide skills training to youth, and aims to cover about 24 lakh people with the MISSION
National Skill Development Initiative will empower all individuals through improved skills, knowledge, nationally and internationally recognized qualifications to gain access to decent employment and ensure India’s competitiveness in the global market.
And the candidates will also receive a government recognized certificate which helps them in employment.
The Indian Youth is very industrious and talented. Unfortunately, the lack of formal skill training prevents deserving talent from being employed.
According to the 2007-08 Economic Survey, 64.8% of India’s population would be in the working age of 15-64 years in 2026 up from 62.9% in 2006. Other projections also indicate emergence of young India with 800 million in the productive age group by 2015 compared to 600 million in China. According to the study conducted by Confederation of Indian Industry and Boston Consulting Group (CII & BCG) India has a large population base of 1.14 billion with demographic shift in favor of working age group (15-59 years).
PM’s National Council on skill development has set a target of 500 million persons by 2022. Accordingly all the ministries will devise skill development plans and set the targets for 11th, 12th & 13th Five year plans and Planning commission would allocate necessary resources to meet the above targets under plan schemes.
PMKVY aims to leverage the potential of India’s demographic dividend by providing skill-training and making every skilled youth employable. The skill training will involve soft skills, good work ethics, personal grooming etc. Inspection of training under PMKVY will be done by Sector Skill Councils and the respective State Government. Training will be provided based on industry aligned National Occupational Standards through training providers and Sector Skill Councils. Under PMKVY, candidates will be eligible for a monetary reward, upon successful completion of their training.
India has set a target of skilling 500 million people by 2022.
Main aims /purpose for starting this scheme are
- The aim of skill development in the country is to support achieving rapid and inclusive growth.
- Increasing capacity & capability of existing system to ensure equitable access to all.
- This Policy aim is to raise women’s participation at least 30% by the end of the 11th Plan.
- Promoting life long learning, maintaining quality and increasing participation of stakeholders, mobilizing adequate investment for financing skill development, attaining sustainability by strengthening physical and intellectual resources.
- Enhancing individuals‟ employability (wage/ self employment) and ability to adapt to changing technologies and labour market demands.
- Improving productivity and living standards of the people.
- Strengthening competitiveness of the country.
The objectives of the national policy on skill development are
- Enable effective coordination between different ministries, the Centre and the States and public and private providers.
- Develop a high-quality skilled workforce that will help emerging employment market needs.
- Create opportunities for all to acquire skills ,especially for youth, women and disadvantaged groups (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes)
- Promote commitment by all stakeholders to own skill development initiatives.
Scope of the PMKVY/ National Skill Development Policy
Training for self-employment/entrepreneurial development.
Formal and informal apprenticeships and other types of training by enterprises .
Adult learning, retraining of retired or retiring employees and lifelong learning
E-learning, web-based learning and distance learning.
Institution-based skill development including ITIs/ITCs/vocational schools/technical schools/ polytechnics/ professional colleges, etc.
Fund Allocation- A National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has been established with Central Government commitment of Rs. 1,000 crore. Rs. 15,000 crore is envisaged to be generated from other Governments, public sector entities, private sector, bilateral and multilateral sources. The scheme will be implemented with an outlay of 1, 500 crore rupees for the time period 2013-17. Of the total 1,500 crore rupees, about 1,120 crore rupees will be spent on skill training of 14 lakh youth. 150crore rupees allocated for training of youth from the North-East region.
EXPANSION OF OUTREACH, EQUITY AND ACCESS
At present about 23,800 establishments are covered under the Apprenticeship Training Scheme imparting training to 2.58 lakh apprentices. Over the next five years, this will be increased to about 1 lakh establishments covering about 1 million apprentices. The existing Apprentices Act, 1961 will be revisited to meet desired target. Skill development centers at village and block level will be promoted to provide skill development opportunity as well as to act as one-stop kiosks with information on the local labour market/employment, vocational learning opportunities and support schemes. Panchayats, municipalities and other local bodies will be involved in skill development and employment generation at the local level in collaboration with SHGs (Self Help Groups), cooperatives and NGOs. The coverage of vocations will be expanded. So
This yojana is very helpful because it is based on EQUITY AND ACCESS. It mean reachable for all. Equal access to skill development is essential for all social groups particularly women and disadvantaged section of society, to help them in securing decent employment and moving out of poverty .
Vocational Training for Women
Skill development employability will be used as an agent for promoting women employment. Women face a multitude of barriers in accessing skills and productive employment, due to effect of globalization or otherwise. This policy of non-discrimination will be pursued vigorously to provide equal access for women to skill development and employment. And Proactive measures that overcome barriers and facilitate participation, such as hostels for women, scholarships, transport, training materials and loans, will be made available on a large scale. The Women’s Vocational Training Program will be expanded and the institutional network providing training facilities exclusively for women, so that they can obtain skills with high wage and self-employment.
And also Gender stereotyping in vocational courses will be eliminated to encourage women’s participation in non-traditional occupations, including existing and emerging technological fields.
Vocational Training for Disadvantaged Groups (Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes)
The reservations applicable to these groups will be strictly enforced, with appropriate gender composition. Existing schemes for benefiting these groups will be reviewed, strengthened and made more effective. And new innovative schemes and measures will also be devised to ensure full and effective participation by these groups. .
Vocational Training for Minorities
Skill development opportunities for minority groups will be expanded, particularly in Minority Concentrated Areas (MCAs). Existing schemes benefiting these groups will be reviewed, strengthened and made more effective. Formalization of non-formal skill acquisition and transfer will also be promoted in traditional art and craft sectors.
Vocational Training for Persons with Disabilities
The current level of participation of persons with disabilities in skill programs is very low, despite guidelines of reserving 3% of the seats for them. People with varying degrees of physical and mental disabilities will be provided with appropriate adjustment training and skills training to bring them in the economic mainstream and make them productive citizens. This Policy aims to expand the facilities for people with disabilities and to provide reasonable accommodation that enables them to access the facilities through suitable transport and building designs. The number of Vocational Rehabilitation Centers will be doubled in the 11th Plan and expanded further in subsequent Plans
Vocational Training for Economically Challenged -Persons below Poverty Line
Skill development for employability is an important strategy in the fight against poverty.
This Policy aims at mitigating the impact of these economic barriers at different stages, as well as actively promote access of the poor to educational and skill development opportunities through specially designed schemes. Under this scheme special coaching for competing in admission tests, provision of non-formal skill development opportunities and the expanded provision of scholarships, books and soft-loans will be developed and implemented.
Vocational Training for School drop-outs (leaving the schools before completing XII standard)
School education would be strengthened to reduce the school drop outs. The quality of school education will influence the effectiveness of skill development program as a whole. School education is very helpful for providing vocational training.
Social Partners in Skill Development Program PMKVY
Partnerships will be consciously promoted between Government, industry, trade unions, local governments, civil society institutions and all skill providers. It will also include, training providers, professional societies, Self Help Groups, Cooperatives and NGOs/civil society institutions. This scheme will have been completed with the help of stake holders such as employers/industries, trade unions, and civil society organizations etc.
SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES UNDER VARIOUS MINISTRIES/ DEPARTMENTS
- Food Processing Industries
- Health & Family Welfare
- Heavy Industries & Public Enterprise
- Human Resource Development
- Information Technology
- Labour & Employment (DGET)
- Rural Development
- MSME [Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO)]
- Khadi & Village Industries Commission under Ministry of MSME
- Social Justice & Empowerment
- Tribal Affairs
- Urban Development & Poverty alleviation
- HUDCO & others in Construction sector under Ministry of Urban Development & Planning Commission
- Women & Child Development
Skill development centers will conduct skill development programs primarily to support services and unorganized sector.
Flexible delivery strategy and patterns that suit the needs of the target groups, such as part/full time and on/off site training, will be adopted.
Various avenues / institutions including schools and public/ private training institutions/civil society organizations/NGOs etc. will be encouraged to conduct skill development programs for the unorganized sector.
Arrangements will be made for the testing and certification of skills acquired in non-formal and informal arrangements. These certificates will be integrated with NVQF (National Vocational Qualifications Framework).
Mobile training vans will also be deployed in rural and remote areas where training infrastructure is difficult.
Public training institutions will be given greater academic autonomy to design and offer programs that meet the requirements of local economy and specific target groups.
Training will be predominantly short-term to encourage participation.
Qualities / Adeptness of the trainers
Award and incentive mechanisms, including reward and career progression systems, will be reviewed and institutionalized to improve the status of trainers.
Innovative skill development schemes, in which trainees acquire theoretical learning at the institution while obtaining practical skills in the workplace, will be devised.
Retired employees mainly from defense forces will be retrained to meet the requirement of trainers.
Special efforts will be made to improve the gender balance among trainers.
Globalization Driven by Technology and the Emerging Knowledge Economy
Experimentation, Innovation and Research
प्रधानमंत्री कौशल विकास योजना Important details in brief in Hindi
प्रधानमंत्री कौशल विकास योजना के तहत मुख्य रूप से श्रम बाजार में पहली बार प्रवेश कर रहे लोगों पर जोर होगा और विशेषकर कक्षा 10 व 12 के दौरान स्कूल छोड़ गये छात्रों पर ध्यान केंद्रित किया जाएगा। योजना का क्रियान्वयन एनएसडीसी के प्रशिक्षण साझेदारों द्वारा किया जाएगा। वर्तमान में लगभग 2,300 केंद्रों के एनएसडीसी के 187 प्रशिक्षण साझेदार हैं। इनके अलावा केंद्र व राज्य सरकारों से संबंधित प्रशिक्षण प्रदाता संस्थाओं को भी इस योजना के तहत प्रशिक्षण के लिए जोड़ा जाएगा। सभी प्रशिक्षण प्रदाताओं को इस योजना के लिए योग्य होने के लिए एक जांच प्रक्रिया से गुजरना होगा। पीएमकेवीवाई के तहत सेक्टर कौशल परिषद व राज्य सरकारें भी कौशल प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रमों की निगरानी करेंगे।
योजना के तहत एक कौशल विकास प्रबंधन प्रणाली (एसडीएमएस) भी तैयार की जाएगी जो सभी प्रशिक्षण केंद्रों के विवरणों और प्रशिक्षण व पाठ्यक्रम की गुणवत्ता की जांच करेगी और उन्हें दर्ज भी करेगी। जहां तक संभव होगा प्रशिक्षण प्रक्रिया में बायोमिट्रिक सिस्टम व वीडियो रिकार्डिंग भी शामिल की जाएगी जो पीएमकेवीआई से जानकारी ली जाएगी जो पीएमकेवीआई की प्रभावशीलता का मूल्यांकन का मुख्य आधार होंगे। शिकायतों के निपटान के लिए एक प्रभावी शिकायत निवारण तंत्र भी शुरू किया जाएगा। इसके अलावा कार्यक्रम के प्रचार-प्रसार के लिए एक ऑनलाइन नागरिक पोर्टल भी शुरू की जाएगी।
How to apply : All eligible candidates can fill application form online at the official website of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) which is www.pmkvyofficial.org
Online registration process has been started.
For More information you can contact official toll Free no
Call Centre No. 088000 – 55555
How can a trainee enroll for a course?
The trainee can call the NSDC Call Centre number on +91 88000-55555 or check for the Training Center on the PMKVY website to find the nearest Training Center. Any eligible candidate can get registered with any of the approved Training Providers for the approved courses. Training Partner captures all the candidate details in the SDMS system and facilitates the training. District wise Kaushal Melas are also being organized by Training Partners for mobilization and enrollment. You may check the PMKVY website for more details.
What are the charges/fees for the course? : Trainee will need to pay for the training and assessment fees upfront to the Training Provider
What is the eligibility criteria for the trainee to enroll for a course? : This scheme is available to any person of Indian nationality. There is no age criterion under the Scheme.
Course provided under this scheme are : List of training centers along with the courses provided and locations can be found on the PMKVY website under the “Find a Training Center” tab.